Ways to Upgrade local workforce in South Sudan

Humanitarian work, more specifically, work of NGOs in South Sudan has been the pinnacle of debates in the recent past. Some extreme commentaries have appeared on social media and to add more pepper into it, recently, the GOSS signed the NGOs bill into law. Though this raised widespread criticism from Western and other bodies whose interests lie in South Sudan, this has not ended as hoped.

Aid Industry, for a long time, has been embroiled in such criticisms. Example of this, check “Lords of Poverty” by Graham Hancock, a book written in 1989. South Sudan experienced this during Operation Lifeline Sudan time. Previously also, an article “How Aid Agencies Cheat Donors in the Name of South Sudan” by Holy Crook, PanLuelWel, 2013 outlined this, next, the South Sudan NGOs bill.

Junubian decided to intersect, magnify and look at findings that will make Junub a better place and in this regards, how NGOs can improve South Sudan. It’s arguably true that the aid donations are far much doing more harms than goods in our country. In essence

South Sudan workers sort ballots, Reuters

South Sudan workers sort ballots, Reuters


  1. Aids are causing over-dependency since no one wants to work hard in the country-This is laziness and it’s a problem!
  2. If large percent of national income goes to foreigners’ accounts-It is mincing our economy
  3. Professionals (foreign) should only be allowed if they come with/bring RARE skills or join as green shoe operators (foreign-local business partnerships).
  4. Addiction -More food, more drugs, more aids + etc. This is total addiction!

We won’t go into those sentimental arguments but rather navigate into a common phenomenon:upgrading local workforce. What is a workforce

The needs for a competitive and qualified workforce is important in meeting the needs of people, government and private sector development agenda, as well as other stakeholders’ perspective. In global value chain, it’s imperative to note that human capital is controllable and in South Sudan, misuse of this is a problem that will affect us even in the foreseeable future.

Local workforce, youths take the largest pie while vast majority of subcontracted workers or industrial workers who in wages earn lowest are women.

To upgrade our local workforce, the following ways should be followed:

  • Trainings and referrals – South Sudan’s technical job industry is an area that needs investments both in capital and labour. By building vocational and polytechnics, this will upgrade the locals’ skills and knowledge base. Our youth need to be engaged and learn how to fish by themselves. The government should put in avenues for established workforce to take in our locals for internships and allow referrals too!
  • Offering tax incentives – our currency (South Sudanese Pound) has been depreciating alarmingly and if this is done, our working class will be robust in terms of financial resilience (reduce financial fragility) and workplace stress.
  • Environment and infrastructure-For us to realize development, a conducive and reliable infrastructure should be in place. It’s heaven when a certain employee leaves home, go to work and work with less stress and comes back in the evening with an assurance of security, love and less to worry about 24/7/365.
  • Grants, aids and other donations for job creation -There is no problem in us being given these funds but the problem is where they go to.  SMEs should be given priority and support so as to encourage entrepreneurship in local sectors.
  • Change of attitudes -Dependence both on free things is killing our ability to work and provide for ourselves and families. Junubiin greatly relies on remittances from abroad, donations among others. This culture of that I can’t do this kind of job or why should I work my X will send me money is eroding us and should be change. If you know how to change this, share it in the comment section below.

In conclusion, the above are not the only ones but there are many other ways to upgrade local workforce in South Sudan. If you know some, share them and you’ll be helping and changing the lives of many South Sudanese.


Popular Sports in South Sudan

Sports is among some of the most engaging activities on earth today. We look at popular sports in South Sudan (Junub).


It’s very popular in rural areas and South Sudan Youth Sports Association (SSYSA) currently has soccer schools at Konyokonyo and Muniki areas. South Sudan also host CECAFA youth soccer competitions in order to promote sport among youths.

Awer Mabil of FC Midtjylland is an example of elite soccer players from South Sudan. Junubian team congratulates our Brighter star boys for their spirited and overwhelming performance in the recent concluded CECAFA Cup competition.



South Sudanese wrestlers

Wrestling is a traditional and modern sports competitions that is also very popular among South Sudanese communities. Among tribes that take part in it are: Dinka (Bor, Twic, Aliab and Atuot), Mundari and Lotuko tribes.

Among great wrestlers are Majok Jok, Jada, Ajang Garang, Deng Adol, Muor ci Kueng, Gore Mapak among others. Due to its following, the activity has even been extended to other countries such as recent wrestling of Melbourne Vs. Brisbane Dinka Bor wrestling.

Wrestling benefits

  • Unite communities of their commonalities
  • Economic benefits to wrestlers as they get paid cash
  • Promote peace among communities


Basketball in the near future is going to be the most popular sports activity in South Sudan. South Sudan is arguably blessed with people with astonishing height and strength. Even before her independence, players such as Manute Bol, Deng Gai and Luol Deng were already running their trade in America’s NBA.

Luol Deng

Luol Deng -South Sudan-born basketball player

Let’s not forget our culture Junubiin!


Junubian Love


Top South Sudanese Celebs -Part 1

South Sudan aka Junub has been at war for decades. In the mind of many, it’s war, poverty, tribalism, refugees, hunger among others. Years ago, Chevron, a unit of the Standard Oil Company of California brought our country to the limelights of world stage by discovering oil. Throughout the years many resources have been discovered including great people (Man is a resource too!).

We look at top South Sudanese celebs who have been at the far front.

Music, Acting & Modeling

Emmanuel Jal -GUA Africa Founder, Lost Boy of South Sudan

Emmanuel Jal -GUA Africa Founder, Lost Boy of South Sudan

Emmanuel Jal

From child soldier to global icon, the bearded Jal Jok was born in Tonj, South Sudan. A South Sudanese celeb, through his music, he is a beacon of hope to all who love peace. Junubian, like others, recognize his contribution among famous people from South Sudan.

His movie War Child, is an award-winning feature documentary that chronicles Jal is time as a war-child. Visit Emmanuel Jal’s website for more information about War Child in festivals & Awards section.

Through the years, Emmanuel has not only been synonymous with message for peace but also in charitable work. He founded Gua Africa and Jal Gua. Gua Africa provides access to education for the people of South Sudan through building schools and offering scholarships. Jal Gua promotes healthy eating.

Emmanuel Jal has contributed in films such as War Child -2008 (documentary), Africa United -2010 (Drama) and The Good Lie -2014 (drama).

Ger Duany

ger-duany-portraitHe was born in Akobo, South Sudan (November 9, 1978) and was forcefully recruited into the war while still a young boy. He was a refugee and later rise to a global actor and model. He made his début in 2004 for the movie, I Heart Huckabees (based-on-truth drama about the Lost Boys resettled in US). Duany is a goodwill ambassador of the UNHCR. He has played various roles in the following:

  • I Heart Huckabees (2004)
  • The Fighter (2010)
  • The Restless City (2011)
  • Ger: To Be Separate (2012)
  • Isn’t It Delicious? (2012)
  • The Good Lie (2014)


Professor Taban Lo Liyong

Prof Taban Liyong, (born 1938, Gulu, Acholi, Uganda) is one of the well-known poet and writers in the literature world today. Taban contributed to the literal world through the following:

  • Fixons(1969)
  • Franz Fanon’s Uneven Ribs (1971)
  • Another Nigger Dead (1972)
  • Ballads of Underdevelopment (1976)
  • Carrying Knowledge Up a Palm Tree (1997)
  • Meditations in Limbo (1970)
  • The Uninformed Man (1971)
  • The Meditations of Taban Lo Liyong (1978)
  • Another Last Word (1990)
  • And many more others!

He has taught at various institutions around the world that include South Sudan, Papua New Guinea, Kenya, South Africa, Australia and Japan.

Taban Lo Liyong is a guy known for his provocative literary criticism and imaginative fictions. Currently, not only a top South Sudanese celebs but he falls in living icons of literature.


Awer Bul Mabil

Born September 15, 1995 in Kakuma, Kenya. He is an Australian-South Sudanese professional footballer who plays for FC Midtjylland. He recently formed a foundation called ‘Barefoot to Boots Foundation’ in which he donated boots and other sport attires to children in Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya.

He has played for Campbelltown City (2012) and Adelaide United (2013-2015) and was bought by FC Midtjylland (2015) where he has featured significantly including the UEFA Europa league début against Napoli.


  • FFA Cup winner (2014) with Adelaide United
  • National Youth League Player of the year (2012-13)
  • FFA Male Player of the Year (2014)


We’ll be covering  South Sudanese celebs part 2 in the next article, keep in touch by subscribing or be visiting our site for more. Moreover, don’t hesitate to suggest celebs that you think should be included in the comment section below.

Junubian love!!!!!!

3 Languages that are Extinct in South Sudan

Language documentation has been one of the most ignored forms of cultural heritage especially in countries facing wars like South Sudan. Unlike saving lives, a language is endangered slowly and unknowingly.

3 extinct languages in south sudan

3 extinct languages in south sudan

We are going to look at extinct as well as endangered languages in South Sudan. But before, let’s first look at what is happening around the world. Is language endangerment or extinction only happening in South Sudan only or even the rest of the world?

According to Emily Underwood of Huffingpost, about 7000 known world languages are disappearing faster than the species on earth. With a different language dying every two week, this is a global phenomenon to according to researchers.

Even though smaller or minority group are usually exposed to external threats this does not necessarily means that endangered language is a language with few speakers. The endangerment and extinction of a language is down to attitude of the speakers toward their cultural heritage. In essence, Suruaha, a small Indian community tribe in the Amazonian consists of 150 members and presently, they still hold onto their language.

So what makes a language gets extinct?

One of the underlining problems of languages is that most are not recorded or analyzed by linguists, have no dictionaries or even written form. In other instances, a language may not be recognized officially in the country hence likely to face extinction.

Other causes of language extinction

  • War and genocide
  • Natural disasters, famine and diseases
  • Economic, cultural, political marginalization/hegemony

Examples of these causes in the world today

  1. Natural catastrophes, famine, disease: for example, Malol, Papua New Guinea (earthquake); Andaman Islands (tsunami)
  2. War and genocide, for example, Tasmania (genocide by colonists); Brazilian indigenous peoples (disputes over land and resource); El Salvador (civil war)
  3. Overt repression, e.g. for ‘national unity’ (including forcible resettlement): for example, Kurdish, Welsh, Native American languages
  4. Cultural/political/economic dominance, for example, Ainu, Manx, Sorbian, Quechua and many others.(synthesised from Nettle & Romaine 2000; Crystal, 2000)

Having looked at causes and examples; now let’s look at 3 extinct languages in South Sudan. According to 2011 stats, South Sudan consists of 60 indigenous ethnic groups and is linguistically partitioned to 80. Check out this information on about South Sudan page.

The extinct languages in South Sudan are:

  • Homa
  • Mittu
  • Togoyo

Languages that are presently endangered in South Sudan

  • Boguru, Aja, Mangayat and Banda
  • Indri, Njalgulgule, Bonga and Lokoya

Researchers approximate that 17 languages are endangered and the above are few known.

Solutions to language endangerment

Losing a language does not necessarily means that people won’t be able to communicate but rather it’s the prestige of a community’s identification which is being conserved. Most experts claim that minority speakers mostly consider their language to be old-fashioned hence cannot be used either by them or by future generations. In addition, some communities find their heritage languages threatened and therefore resort to adapt.

The speakers themselves, linguists and policy makers should be involved in the orthography of that particular language.


In Africa, the loss of speakers in one language is usually the gain of speakers of another language. Language documentation, maintenance and education should be done now to avoid others languages getting extinct in South Sudan.

Drug Abuse; a New Killer, New War and an Agent of Lost Future

It is saddening to read the recent statement given following the 2014 World Report On Drugs launch by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. Counties emerging from conflicts such as South Sudan are in danger if not overwhelmed when illicit drugs bypass their borders.

Drug abuse kills ten of thousands of people every year with UN stats indicating that global illlict drug users to rise to 25% by 2050. The stats also shows that 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population (aged 15 to 64 years) are estimated to have use an illicit drug at least once in 2010.

Kenya for instance, around 60% of the youths get exposed to drugs in high school and about 30% of these youths are in primary. That is, in every 10 youths, 3 become addicts. Our fellow South Sudanese with youths who makes up the majority in the diaspora are not spared.

smoking woman

smoking woman

Survey carried out among the youths in the city and other areas in Kenya found out that the main majors causes of drug usages among the South Sudanese youths are; lack of guidance, support and counseling, peer pressure, no awareness or proper education, ignorance among youths, idleness, this due to lack of fees for schooling or for repatriation and availability of these drugs in large quantity and at cheaper prices.

The illicit substances abused are bhang(marijuana), Khat(Miraa), Alcohol(cheap liquor known as chang’aa/KumiKumi) and tobacco/cigarette smoking. Hard drugs have also been reported including heroin and cocaine. Cannabis is the world’s widely used substance with between 119 millions and 224 million users worldwide.

Though not all can be solved, few of these can be solved through; education awareness and campaigns, financial support to those willing to study, sports facilities and community guidance and counseling.

Drug abuse has been a major concern that is becoming a killer among the South Sudanese youths. It has led to increment in the number of school drop-outs, inconsistency in class attendance, destructive moods and attitudes.

Drugs have effects such as; threat to development and growth, fuel crime and insecurity, undermine human rights, poses risks in public health, reduces immunity and increase disease vulnerability.

With finger-counting number of months remaining to usher in South Sudan’s independent day anniversary, South Sudanese in diaspora are being taken away by drugs. War has been fought, diseases have been prevented and cured, but the current one is a major concern that need actions. If not, we shall be talking of lost future and not lost boys and girls ‘in diaspora’!

Top 5 National Parks In South Sudan

South Sudan has by far been a country known for wars, refugees, under-development and some things between. Though it didn’t annihilate them completely as believed, we still have places where we can find animals. Wildlife in South Sudan is under the jurisdiction of Wildlife Conservation Directorate (GOSS), Ministry of Environment and the Wildlife Conservation and Tourism.

Some important migrations

  • March-June Migration-This is the start of rainy season and animals move from Sudd flood plains and Bandingilo National Park back to the Boma National Park (North to South and West to East
  • November-January Migration-As the dry period is underway, animals starting migration (South to North and East to West) back to the Sudd floods.

Meanwhile, here are top 5 national parks in South Sudan.

1. Boma National Park in Boma Jonglei-77,220-square-mile

About 1.3 million antelopes migrate seasonally making it the world’s largest place for animal migration more than the Serengeti of Kenya-Tanzania. South Sudan has 3 type of antelopes namely, white-eared kob, tiang and mongalla.

The other mammals found there are hartebeest, lesser kudu, elephants, lions, Nile Lechwe among others.

Elephants herd Boma National Park

Elephants herd Boma National Park


Boma National is where you can almost all of these type of antelopes.

What most tourists love about this place is that one is able to see rare species of birds and animals, lovable scenery as well as unique cultures from the local residents. Everything here is naturally wild and its natural itself.

2. Southern National Park-23,000 km².

The park adjacent to Rumbek town is one of the largest and it’s located in the central areas of South Sudan with a number of animal populations. The park attained its name due to its geographical location when South Sudan once was part of Sudan. Some of the animals found at the park include:

=> Giant eland =>Waterbuck     => Kob => Hartebeest

=> Buffalo =>Giraffe => Oribi => White rhino=>Giant forest hog

=> Reedbuck =>Lion =>Colobus monkey =>Galagos (Senegal bushbaby )

white-eared kobs south sudan wildlife

white-eared kobs south sudan wildlife

3. Bandingilo National Park-8,400 km2 (3,200 sq mi)

Bandingilo or Badingilo National Park is located in Equatoria region covering the bahr al jabal. The park bossed as home to African megafauna(giraffe-liked animal), redbuck, antelopes among others. It’s one of the areas where largest animals migration took place during onset or rains as well during dry periods in the country.

In recent times, Bandigilo National Parks has been at the forefront in wildlife conservation in South Sudan’s war-ravaged areas.

4. Nimule National Park-410 km2(160 sq mi)

Nimule town, one of the fastest growing towns in the South Sudan’s bordering frontiers has wildlife at its disposal that attracts tourists. The Nimule National park is home to various animals such as zebra, elephants, and lions among others.

5. Shambe National Park-620 km2(240 sq mi)

Like Nimule National Park, its home to various animal and distinct bird breeds. The area has a conducive, rich and unique environment that support ecosystem for the animals. The Shambe River and its savanna woodland is a great ground for wildlife.


This entry was posted on May 4, 2015. 1 Comment

5 Reasons Why Our Women Still Lag Behind in South Sudan

The Rule of law has been in place since our country enacted its transitional constitution but customary laws have been the driving force killing the current. Women and minority cases which are largely discriminate against by the laws are the most affected. We look at 5 reasons why our mothers are not in the same level as our fathers.

1. Poor literacy level

Even though women makes 60% of the total population in South Sudan, about 16% are the females who are literate in the country.

2. Low educationSouth Sudanese women waving flags during independence celebration

The few or totally lack of schools within the country is to blame for women representation in general. South Sudan though still at infant stage,  the country has been embroiled in turmoils that do not encourage development or education.

According to stats, women occupy 33% in the South Sudan Legislative Assembly and about 28% are the State’s Legislative Assembly. Unfortunately, this cannot be deduced down to local levels of the government.

For instance, 1 out of 10 state governors is a female and there are 19 female state ministers of a possible 127 (approximately, it is 15%). Moreover, for example, there is only 1 female county commissioner among the 82 of Western Equatoria.

3. Lack of opportunities

Though the South Sudan transitional constitution grants women at least 25% at public, legislative and executive positions, still lack of opportunities causes numerable imbalances.

4.  History, Customs and traditions don’t favor

The major ethnic groups South Sudan such as Dinka and Nuer, they are regarded as source of income for the family. In addition, these male-dominated cultures, perceive women to be submissive and subservient to their in-laws and husbands.

‘House’ represents the overall role of women in South Sudan society. This therefore drift them of their social ranking.

5. Ignorance

Women generally in the jobs market rarely get the recognition, rewards or promotions even in institutions where they may have achieved the 25% threshold. As someone puts it, you can only take a donkey to a river but you cannot force it to drink, this is the same scenario on the women’s part in South Sudan.

As much as the government instil laws and other agencies create opportunities, these will also requires someone to come for them.

What do you think are the reasons facing our women and what do you think should be done? Share your thoughts below.